Nipah Virus: Understanding the new emerging global threat

Nazneen Sultana
Seema Devi


Nipah virus, a newly emerged zoonosis, is caused by flying foxes. It has reported occasional outbreaks of encephalitis and respiratory syndrome and a significant mortality rate. Since 1998, when it was first identified in the Malaysia outbreak, this rare brain-damaging virus infection continues to emerge in different parts of the world. Although the risk of infection is imposed on almost a quarter of the world, due to widely distributed natural hosts, no approved specific treatment and vaccine is available till now, but research continues. Therefore, a detailed discussion of this forthcoming infection needs to be done. This review article focuses on the current scenario of the infection caused by the Nipah virus as well as emphasizes the potential for Nipah virus infection to become a global threat in the future. Further, this article provides a comprehensive review of the infection transmission, its signs and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment methods with emphasis on prevention and control measures.

DOI: 10.55006/biolsciences.2024.4103
Published: 13-02-2024

How to Cite
Sultana, N., & Devi, S. (2024). Nipah Virus: Understanding the new emerging global threat . Biological Sciences, 4(1), 543–550.


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