Open Access Policy

Biological Sciences provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public and supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Licensing

Creative Commons License
All articles published in Biological Sciences are licensed under the a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This allows users to:

Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format for any purpose, even commercially.

Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

*The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.

Under the following terms

Attribution — You must give appropriate credit , provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made . You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.

No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

Accessibility

All content published in Biological Sciences is freely accessible to the public immediately upon publication. There are no subscription fees or access restrictions, ensuring that the research is available to a global audience without barriers.

Author Retention of Rights

Authors retain the copyright to their work published in Biological Sciences. They grant the journal the right to publish, distribute, and archive the work while retaining the right to reuse, reproduce, and distribute the article in other publications or formats.



Peer Review Policy 

At IR Research Publication, we prioritize transparency, integrity, and excellence in our peer review processes.

Journals under IR Research Publication adopt appropriate models of peer review which is double-blind peer review.

The selection of the review model is guided by the goal of ensuring unbiased and fair evaluations while respecting the confidentiality of authors and reviewers.

The peer review process is transparently described in guidelines accessible to authors, reviewers, and editors.

All relevant details, including the criteria for manuscript evaluation, are clearly outlined to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the review process.



Data and Reproducibility Policy 

At IR Research Publication, we are committed to promoting transparency, reproducibility, and the highest standards of research integrity. In line with this commitment, we have established the following Data and Reproducibility Policy

Data Availability

Authors are required to provide access to the raw data underlying their research findings. This may include datasets, code, and any other relevant materials necessary for the replication of the study. Authors should clearly specify how and where the data can be accessed. Preferred options include public repositories, institutional databases, or other recognized platforms.

Reporting Guidelines

Authors are strongly encouraged to adhere to established reporting guidelines relevant to their specific research domain. These guidelines can enhance the clarity and completeness of reporting, contributing to the reproducibility of the study. The submission process will include a checklist to ensure that reporting guidelines have been followed appropriately. Compliance with these guidelines will be considered during the peer review process. For clinical trials and other study designs, authors must register their research protocols in recognized registries before commencing the study. This includes but is not limited to clinical trial registration in platforms like ClinicalTrials.gov. The registration information, including protocol details and any subsequent updates, should be referenced in the manuscript.

Exceptions and Confidentiality

In exceptional cases where data sharing is not possible due to legal, ethical, or other constraints, authors must provide a detailed justification during the submission process.

Editors will handle such cases with sensitivity, ensuring that confidentiality is maintained to the extent allowed by ethical standards.

Editorial Responsibility

The editorial team is committed to upholding the principles of this policy and will work collaboratively with authors to address any concerns or challenges related to data sharing and reproducibility.



Authorship and Contributorship Policy 

The IR Research Publication is committed to ensuring transparency, fairness, and accountability in authorship and contributorship. Authors are individuals who have made significant intellectual contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the research study. To be listed as an author, contributors must meet the following criteria:

  • Authors must have made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, data acquisition, analysis, or interpretation.
  • Authors should have participated in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content.
  • All authors must give final approval of the version to be published and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

Individuals who have made significant contributions to the research project but do not meet the criteria for authorship may be acknowledged in the acknowledgment section. Contributions that warrant recognition include data collection, technical support, or valuable intellectual input. The corresponding author is responsible for submitting the manuscript and communicating with the editorial office. They should ensure that all co-authors have reviewed and approved the final manuscript before submission.

Dispute Resolution

In the event of a dispute regarding authorship or contributorship, the Journal will follow a transparent and fair process to resolve the issue. Authors are encouraged to discuss and resolve disputes among themselves. If a resolution cannot be reached, the Journal's editorial board will be involved to mediate and make a final decision.

Changes in Authorship

Any changes to the authorship list after submission must be approved by all original authors. Requests for changes should be communicated to the editorial office along with an explanation for the modification.

Transparency and Compliance

The journal Biological Sciences adheres to these policies to ensure transparency and fairness. Authors are required to disclose their contributions, and the editorial board reserves the right to verify and enforce these policies.

This policy is subject to periodic review to align with evolving best practices in academic publishing.



Plagiarism Policy 

At IR Research Publication, we uphold the highest standards of academic integrity and originality. Plagiarism and redundant/overlapping publication undermine the essence of scholarly work and compromise the integrity of the research process. To maintain the credibility and reputation of our publications, we have established a comprehensive plagiarism policy.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the act of presenting someone else's work, ideas, or intellectual property as one's own, without proper attribution. This includes, but is not limited to, copying text, data, figures, tables, or any other form of content without appropriate citation. Plagiarism can be of different types, such as Copy-Paste Plagiarism: directly copying and pasting text without proper citation; Paraphrasing Plagiarism: rewriting someone else's work without proper attribution; and Self-Plagiarism: Reproducing one's own previously published work without proper acknowledgment.

Redundant/Overlapping Publication

Authors are expected to submit original and previously unpublished work. Redundant or overlapping publication, also known as dual submission, is the submission of substantially similar work to more than one publication. Authors should disclose any related work that might overlap with the submission at the time of submission.

Detection of Plagiarism

IR Research Publication employs advanced plagiarism detection tools to ensure the originality of submitted manuscripts. Authors are encouraged to use proper citation and referencing methods to avoid plagiarism.

Consequences of Plagiarism

If plagiarism or redundant/overlapping publication is detected, the manuscript will be rejected or retracted, depending on the stage of the publication process. The authors may also face restrictions on future submissions to IR Research Publication.

Author Responsibility

Authors are solely responsible for ensuring the originality of their work. Proper citation and acknowledgment of sources are crucial in maintaining academic integrity.

Reporting Plagiarism

Readers, reviewers, and fellow researchers are encouraged to report any suspected cases of plagiarism to the editorial office. All reports will be thoroughly investigated, and appropriate actions will be taken.

By submitting a manuscript to IR Research Publication, authors agree to adhere to this plagiarism policy. We believe in fostering a scholarly environment where originality is celebrated, and ethical research practices are upheld.



Policy for Conflicts of Interest

At IR Research Publication, we are committed to upholding the highest standards of integrity, transparency, and ethical conduct in all aspects of our publishing activities. This Conflicts of Interest Policy is designed to provide clear definitions of conflicts of interest and establish robust processes for handling such conflicts. This policy applies to authors, reviewers, editors, journals, and publishers associated with IR Research Publication.

Definitions

Conflict of Interest: Any situation where an individual's personal, financial, or professional interests may compromise or appear to compromise their objectivity, integrity, or impartiality in the context of their role in the publication process.

Author: The individual(s) or entity responsible for the creation and submission of a manuscript to IR Research Publication journals.

Reviewer: An expert in the field who evaluates the scholarly merit and validity of a manuscript during the peer review process.

Editor: The individual responsible for overseeing the review process, making publication decisions, and ensuring the integrity and quality of the published content.

Journal: A specific publication under the umbrella of IR Research Publication.

Publisher: IR Research Publication as an entity responsible for overseeing the publication process, maintaining ethical standards, and ensuring the integrity of its publications.

Identification and Disclosure

Authors are required to disclose all potential conflicts of interest that could influence the interpretation or presentation of their research. This includes financial interests, affiliations, and other relevant relationships.

Reviewers must promptly disclose any conflicts of interest that may compromise their ability to provide an unbiased and objective review of a manuscript.

Editors should declare any conflicts of interest that may affect their ability to handle a manuscript impartially.

IR Research Publication, as a publisher, is committed to transparency regarding any conflicts of interest that may arise at the organizational level.

Handling Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of interest identified before publication will be addressed transparently, and appropriate actions will be taken, including but not limited to reassessment of the review process, additional peer reviews, or editorial decisions. If conflicts of interest are identified after publication, IR Research Publication will promptly investigate the matter and take corrective actions as necessary, which may include corrections, retractions, or other editorial measures.

Reporting and Enforcement

IR Research Publication encourages individuals involved in the publication process to report any conflicts of interest promptly. The publisher will investigate such reports thoroughly and take appropriate actions to maintain the integrity of its publications.

This policy will be periodically reviewed and updated as needed to ensure its effectiveness and alignment with evolving standards in research publication ethics.



Policy for Complaints and Appeals

At IR Research Publication we are committed to maintaining the highest standards of integrity, transparency, and fairness. We recognize the importance of providing a clear and effective process for handling complaints against the journal, its staff, editorial board, or publisher.

This policy covers complaints and appeals related to the editorial process, publication decisions, ethical concerns, and any other issues related to the operations of the Journal Biological Sciences

Complaints or appeals should be submitted in writing to the journal's editorial office via email at eic@irrespub.com. The complainant should provide detailed information about the nature of the complaint or appeal, including relevant documentation and evidence. All complaints and appeals will be treated with the utmost confidentiality. Information related to the complaint will only be disclosed to those directly involved in the investigation and resolution process. Upon receiving a complaint or appeal, the editorial office will conduct an initial review to determine the validity and nature of the concerns raised. This may involve consulting relevant parties, such as authors, reviewers, or editorial board members. If the initial review suggests that further investigation is required, the editorial office will appoint an independent committee to thoroughly examine the complaint or appeal. The committee may include members of the editorial board or external experts, ensuring an unbiased and fair assessment.

Once the investigation is complete, the journal will take appropriate measures to address the concerns raised. This may include corrections, retractions, clarifications, or other actions as deemed necessary. The outcome of the investigation will be communicated to the complainant in writing.

If the complainant is dissatisfied with the outcome, they may submit an appeal within 30 days of receiving the resolution. The appeal will be reviewed by an independent appeals committee, and their decision will be final.

Documentation and Transparency

A record of all complaints, investigations, and resolutions will be maintained for transparency and accountability purposes. Periodically, the journal may provide summaries or reports on the number and types of complaints received and their outcomes.

We are dedicated to continuously improving our processes and ensuring a fair and transparent environment for all stakeholders involved in the publication process at IR Research Publication.



Ethical Oversight

At IR Research Publication, we are committed to upholding the highest ethical standards in all aspects of our publishing activities. Our Ethical Oversight Policy encompasses a comprehensive set of guidelines to ensure the integrity and ethical conduct of research, publication, and business practices.

Consent to Publication

Authors must provide explicit consent for the publication of their work, affirming that their contributions are original and have not been submitted elsewhere. Proper attribution and acknowledgment of co-authors and contributors must be ensured.

Researchers and authors must exercise particular care and sensitivity when conducting studies involving vulnerable populations. Transparent reporting of the ethical considerations and safeguards implemented to protect the rights and well-being of vulnerable participants is mandatory.

Ethical Conduct of Research Using Animals

Studies involving animals must adhere to ethical standards, including obtaining approval from appropriate institutional review boards or ethics committees. Authors must provide details on the ethical treatment, care, and use of animals in their research.

Ethical Conduct of Research Using Human Subjects

Research involving human subjects must be conducted ethically and in compliance with relevant guidelines and regulations. Authors are required to provide evidence of obtaining informed consent from participants and demonstrate adherence to ethical review processes.

Handling Confidential Data

Authors must ensure the secure handling of confidential data, protecting the privacy and confidentiality of research participants. Adequate measures should be taken to store, process, and share data responsibly and in accordance with relevant data protection regulations.

Ethical Business/Marketing Practices

IR Research Publication is committed to fair and ethical business and marketing practices. Editors, reviewers, and authors should disclose any potential conflicts of interest that may influence the publication process. Adherence to transparent and honest communication in all interactions with stakeholders, including authors, reviewers, and readers.

Enforcement and Compliance

Non-compliance with this Ethical Oversight Policy may result in corrective actions, including retraction of published articles or suspension of publishing privileges. Allegations of ethical misconduct will be thoroughly investigated, and appropriate actions will be taken based on the findings.

IR Research Publication is dedicated to regularly reviewing and updating its Ethical Oversight Policy to align with evolving ethical standards and industry best practices.

By adhering to these ethical guidelines, we aim to foster a research and publication environment that prioritizes integrity, respect, and responsible conduct across all stakeholders involved in the scholarly publishing process.



Policy for handling Allegations of misconduct 

At IR Research Publication, we are committed to maintaining the highest standards of integrity and ethical conduct in the field of international relations research. To uphold this commitment, we have established a comprehensive Allegations of Misconduct Policy to address allegations of misconduct both pre-publication and post-publication.

This policy applies to all individuals involved in the publication process, including authors, reviewers, editors, and any other stakeholders. It encompasses various forms of misconduct, including but not limited to plagiarism, data fabrication, falsification, and unethical research practices.

Reporting Allegations

We encourage all stakeholders, including whistleblowers, to come forward with any allegations of misconduct. Allegations can be reported to the editorial office through a dedicated email address info@irrespub.com.

Handling Allegations

Upon receiving an allegation, the following steps will be taken:

  • The editorial office will conduct a preliminary assessment of the allegation to determine its credibility and seriousness. This may involve consulting experts in the field.
  • The identity of whistleblowers and individuals involved in the investigation will be kept confidential to the extent possible, while still conducting a thorough and fair review.
  • If the allegation is deemed credible, the relevant parties, including authors and reviewers, will be notified of the investigation. All relevant documentation and evidence will be collected for further review.

Investigation Process

  • Formation of an Investigation Committee: An independent committee, comprising experts in the field, will be appointed to conduct a detailed investigation.
  • The investigation will adhere to principles of fairness, transparency, and impartiality. All parties involved will be given an opportunity to present their case and provide evidence.
  • The investigation will be conducted promptly, and a reasonable timeframe will be established for the completion of the process.

Outcomes of Investigation

Based on the findings of the investigation, the following outcomes may occur:

No Misconduct Found: If the investigation determines that no misconduct occurred, the matter will be considered resolved, and relevant parties will be informed.

Misconduct Confirmed: If misconduct is confirmed, appropriate actions will be taken, ranging from corrections and retractions to sanctions against the responsible parties.

Appeals Process

A transparent appeals process will be in place for individuals dissatisfied with the outcome of the investigation.

Continuous Improvement

We are committed to regularly reviewing and updating our Allegations of Misconduct Policy to ensure its effectiveness and compliance with evolving ethical standards in research publication.